Currently, there is a lack of clarity in the literature as to whether there is a definitive difference between the effects of vitamins D(2) and D(3) in the raising of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D].

The objective of this article was to report a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have directly compared the effects of vitamin D(2) and vitamin D(3) on serum 25(OH)D concentrations in humans.

The ISI Web of Knowledge (January 1966 to July 2011) database was searched electronically for all relevant studies in adults that directly compared vitamin D(3) with vitamin D(2). The Cochrane Clinical Trials Registry, International Standard Randomized Controlled Trials Number register, and were also searched for any unpublished trials.

A meta-analysis of RCTs indicated that supplementation with vitamin D(3) had a significant and positive effect in the raising of serum 25(OH)D concentrations compared with the effect of vitamin D(2) (P = 0.001). When the frequency of dosage administration was compared, there was a significant response for vitamin D(3) when given as a bolus dose (P = 0.0002) compared with administration of vitamin D(2), but the effect was lost with daily supplementation.

This meta-analysis indicates that vitamin D(3) is more efficacious at raising serum 25(OH)D concentrations than is vitamin D(2), and thus vitamin D(3) could potentially become the preferred choice for supplementation. However, additional research is required to examine the metabolic pathways involved in oral and intramuscular administration of vitamin D and the effects across age, sex, and ethnicity, which this review was unable to verify.

PMID: 22552031

See following website for full manuscript.