|IJFSN - Beneficial Effects Of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation During Endurance Exercise
Poprzecki S, Zajac A, Chalimoniuk M, et al. Modification of blood antioxidant status and lipid profile in response to high-intensity endurance exercise after low doses of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation in healthy volunteers. Int
|We investigated whether endurance exercise might modify the blood antioxidant status and lipid profile after omega-3 fatty acid supplementation. Two groups of healthy, fit males performed 1 h of exercise with a constant work load corresponding to 60% of their individual VO(2max) and various pedaling rates (45 min-60 rev/min followed by a maximal rate), before and after receiving, over 6 weeks, omega-3 fatty acids in a daily dose of 1.3 g or placebo. The resting concentration of triglycerides decreased after omega-3 fatty acid consumption.
In response to endurance exercise, the superoxide dismutase activity markedly decreased in sedentary control subjects.
This effect was partially protected by omega-3 fatty acid consumption. Supplementation tended to increase atalase activity in response to exercise, and this activity was significantly higher after 1 h of recovery.
We conclude that the beneficial effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation during endurance exercise may be due to the activation of the superoxide dismutase and catalase pathways.
Key Words: Exercise, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, PUFA