The levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in blood is closely associated with the status of the health of individuals; in particular, the lack of ω-3 fatty acids may lead to the development of numerous diseases.

The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of PUFAs, and their correlation with triglycerides and other factors in blood. The levels of PUFAs and blood lipids were detected in 156 healthy individuals; the blood samples were tested by combined thin-layer and gas liquid chromatographic analysis.

The level of ω-3 fatty acids was low in the subjects and the ω-3 index was 4.25%, while the ω-6:ω-3 ratio was at a satisfactory level. There was a strong inverse correlation between ω-3 fatty acids and triglycerides, and a strong positive correlation between ω-3 fatty acids and high density lipoprotein (HDL). Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid were inversely correlated with triglycerides, and positively correlated with HDL.

In conclusion, ω-3 fatty acids are able to adjust the levels of blood lipids, and lower the levels of triglycerides, which may contribute to human health.

PMID: 23226783

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