|PharmacognM - Fish Oil Reduces Mortality Due to Immunomodulation
Chen H1, Wang W2, Hong C1, et al. Omega-3 Fish Oil Reduces Mortality Due to Severe Sepsis with Acute Gastrointestinal Injury Grade III. Pharmacogn Mag. 2017 Jul-Sep;13(51):407-412.
Sepsis plays an important role in acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI). Our research was designed to determine the effects of omega-3 fish oil (FO) in patients suffering from severe sepsis combined with AGI III, and the ability of FO to modulate immune function.
Seventy-eight patients diagnosed with severe sepsis with AGI III and a need for mechanical ventilation were randomized to two groups. In the FO group, 50 g of long chain fatty acid soybean oil (n = 6) and 10 g of FO (n = 3) were administered as total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The control group was treated with 50 g of long chain fatty acid soybean oil without addition of FO to TPN.
At baseline, there were no significant differences between the two groups. The 60-day mortality was lower in the FO group. Multiple factor logistic regression analysis revealed that intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and abdominal infection were correlated with the FO intervention. The patients with abdominal infection demonstrated a lower mortality rate, fewer CD3 T lymphocytes, and fewer helper/inducer T lymphocytes in the FO group compared with the control group. After 7 days, the Marshall Score was lower in the FO group than in the control group.
FO has positive effects in terms of improving the long-term prognosis of patients with severe sepsis with AGI III. Patients with a high IAP and abdominal infection might experience greater benefit from FO. This effect might be due, in part, to immunomodulation.
Fish oil (FO) has positive effects in terms of improving the long-term prognosis of patients with severe sepsis with acute gastrointestinal injury Grade IIIPatients with a high intra-abdominal pressure and abdominal infection might experience greater benefit from FOThis effect might be due, in part, to immunomodulation.
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