BACKGROUND: A high prevalence (60%) of vitamin D (VitD) depletion, defined as a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level of
METHODS: A total of 60 VitD-depleted morbidly obese women were randomly assigned to receive 50,000 IU of VitD weekly after RYGB (group 1; n = 30) or no additional VitD after RYGB (group 2; n = 30). All patients received a daily supplement of 800 IU VitD and 1500 mg calcium. The serum calcium, parathyroid hormone, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, urinary N-telopeptide, and bone mineral density were measured preoperatively and 1 year after RYGB. Questionnaires were used to assess other potential sources of VitD, including sunlight exposure and ingestion of VitD-containing foods/liquids.

RESULTS: At 1 year after RYGB, VitD depletion and mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D level had improved significantly in group 1 (14% and 37.8 ng/mL, respectively) compared with the values in group 2 (85% and 15.2 ng/mL, respectively; P <.001 for both). A significant 33% retardation in hip bone mineral density decline (P = .043) and a significantly greater resolution of hypertension was seen in group 1 (75% versus 32%; P = .029). No significant adverse effects were encountered from pharmacologic VitD therapy.

CONCLUSION: The results of our study have shown that 50,000 IU of VitD weekly after RYGB safely corrects VitD depletion in most women, attenuates cortical bone loss, and improves resolution of hypertension.

Keywords: Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery, Vitamin D Depletion, Hypertension - Vitamin D